Petra L Láncos Assistant Professor Pázmány Péter Catholic University, Hungary

Petra L Láncos has been a Lecturer at the Pázmány Péter Catholic University Faculty of Law and Political Sciences in Budapest since 2005, where she works as an Assistant Professor as of 2012. She attended the human rights course of the International Institute of Human Rights in Strasbourg, between 2006 and 2007, she worked as a research fellow at the Max-Planck-Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law in Heidelberg, Germany. She received her LLM degree in European Law and Comparative Law at the Andrássy Gyula Deutschsprachige Universität in 2006, and a PhD degree in law at the Pázmány Péter Catholic University in 2012. She holds two diplomas in conference interpreting (Budapest Technical University, Université Marc Bloch). Her principal research covers European public law, in particular language policy, human rights, academic freedom and media regulation. She is the author of numerous articles in Hungarian, English, and German.

Defining and enforcing European values

The Hungarian Parliament adopted Act CLXXXV of 2010 on Media Services and Mass Media three years ago. Officials of the European Union have voiced concerns, claiming that Hungarian media rules do not conform to the European Union’s democratic requirements and fundamental legal standards such as proportionality, pluralism and the freedom of opinion. Experts of the Council of Europe have formulated further misgivings related to the freedom and independence of the media and the independence, neutrality and accountability of the regulatory authority. Thus, both leading European institutions indicated several fundamental values and principles that may potentially restrict the freedom of media regulation enjoyed the member states. This calls for a closer examination of the principles of democracy and pluralism in the community of values forged between the European Union and the European Council with a special emphasis on the topic of media regulation and the possibilities of enforcement.