Balázs Bartóki-Gönczy Legal Consultant National Media and Infocommunications Authority, Hungary

Balázs Bartóki-Gönczy has been a legal consultant of the Hungarian Media and Infocommunications Authority since 2011, and a member of BEREC’s expert working group on Net Neutrality since 2013. He received an LLM degree in electronic communications and space law at the Université Paris Sud in 2011. He has been a member of the Institut du Droit de l’Espace et des Télécommunications, Paris since 2012. As a PhD researcher, he is the author of several articles in Hungarian and other languages in the field of electronic communications and media law. He is visiting lecturer at the Pázmány Péter Catholic University and the Université Paris Sud.

The question of net neutrality in the United States and in the European Union

The Internet induces changes in almost all facets of our lives, including our content and media consumption habits as well. This, naturally, also has an influence on the media regime as it is known today, and this regime is currently undergoing revolutionary changes. The presentation primarily looks at issues such as the erosion of certain legal notions in the age of the Internet, and the role of public service media in this constantly changing media regime. First, by presenting a specific service type, the presentation describes the problem that, in more and more areas, the legal system is actually lagging behind the market processes: every now and then, the new service types tend to break the conceptual framework of the legal system. All this results in similar services being subject to different regulatory obligations, which in turn distort the market. Second, the presentation examines the place of public service media in the changed media regime, arguing that state participation is still legitimate; however, the reason for such participation has changed. The needs that are unsatisfied by the market, and hence justify state intervention, are completely different in this digital age than they were in the world of analogue.